A Brief Introduction to the Cannabis Plant
Cannabis is a genus of plants that umbrellas three species: cannabis Indica, cannabis Sativa, and cannabis Ruderalis, commonly known as hemp.
Indica and Sativa are the two species of cannabis used for consumption, as both species contain cannabinoids cannabidiol (aka CBD), and tetrahydrocannabinol (aka THC). Hemp is used more commonly to create textiles and topical products.
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the cannabinoid responsible for creating the euphoric “high” that cannabis users feel when consuming psychoactive products. This high is caused by an increase of blood flow to the prefrontal cortex, and can be used to reduce anxiety and effects of depression, increase creativity, or simply as an enjoyable experience, similar to drinking a glass or two of wine.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in cannabis Indica and Sativa, and while it does not have psychoactive effects, it can be used to mitigate muscle and joint pain, anxiety, effects of clinical depression, and insomnia. You can read more about CBD here.
What’s the difference between Indica and Sativa?
Cannabis Indica is a short, broad-leafed plant containing more CBD than its counterpart, Sativa, and is known to produce specific physical and psychoactive effects. These effects include:
Reduced muscle and joint pain
Cannabis Sativa is a tall, short-leafed plant whose leaves contain a higher THC to CBD ratio than that of cannabis Indica. Sativa provides a more cerebral high than Indica, which induces a physical, or “body,” high. The effects of cannabis Sativa include: